Often in the shape of small cubes, Turkish delight, or Lokum, was invented more than 200 years ago by the royal confectioner to the Ottoman Sultan. A gel of grain starch and sugar is boiled, and chopped nuts or fruit flavoring is added. As the gel sets, it gains a chewy consistency, and is chopped, dusted with powdered sugar, and sold by the kilo. In modern times, there are a limitless varieties of Lokum available, including sugar free and nut-allergy specific types.
Lokum is a sweet of starch and sugar gel often containing nuts and fruit flavorings.